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UK passage is the number of individuals passing through on migration in spring and/or autumn. Registered office: Harbourside House, 110 Commercial Street, Edinburgh EH6 6NF. The female lays 4-6 pale blue eggs from April to June and incubates them for about 30 days. If you can’t get outside, why not bring the outside in by downloading our bird song radio app? They feed primarily on small birds and mammals but can adapt to insects, reptiles and amphibians when other prey is not available. Migrant. In winter they move to lowland farmland, heathland, coastal marshes, fenland and river valleys. While males are a pale grey colour, females and immatures are brown with a white rump and a long, barred tail which give them the name 'ringtail'. Read more advice about what to do if you find a bird that needs help. Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus. Get out, get busy and get wild! Hen harriers normally lay 3-7 eggs (Cramp & Simmons, 1980) at 48 hour intervals, with an average clutch size of five eggs (Etheridge et al., 1997). Females and juveniles similar - brown with white rump and dark rings on the tail, hence often referred to collectively as 'ringtails'. Hen Harrier. Males are a gull-like grey in colouring, but females are generally brown. See some of the ways you can get into green living. The Orkney population is famous for being polygynous, with males sometimes mating with multiple females on the island. In the breeding season UK birds are to be found on the upland heather moorlands of Wales, Northern England, Northern Ireland and Scotland (as well as the Isle of Man). Hen Harriers Circus cyaneus are medium sized, ground-nesting birds of prey that are widely distributed throughout Eurasia, including the UK and Ireland (Millon et al. Hen harriers tend to be found on islands such as the Uists, Orkney and islands around Skye and Arran. Harried to the edge of extinction in England, hen harriers need your help, before it's too late. It shows general distribution rather than detailed, localised populations. According to the IUCN Red List, the global population size of the Hen harrier is around 100,000 to 499,999 mature individuals. Size: Length 42–55 cm (16–21 in), wingspan 97–118 cm (38–46 in), weight 285–630 g (11–25). Hen harrier nests are shallow depression on the ground in low vegetation. Females are mainly brown, with heavily streaked body, tail and wings, which are usually black or white. Males and females both have a white patch on their lower backs, but this is the only similarity. Photo Luke Delve. Who to contact if you spot an injured or baby bird, Help nature thrive as a corporate partner, Climate change effects on nature and wildlife. Juvenile hen h… The hen harrier lives in open areas with low vegetation. Find out more about the nature and wildlife outside your window. Once predating free-range fowl, earning its present name, its effect on the number of grouse available to shoot is the cause of modern conflict and threatens its survival in some parts of the UK, particularly on the driven grouse moors of England and Scotland. A female or 'ring-tail' Hen Harrier. The hen harrier nests on the ground among the heather of upland moorlands. Find out more about the partnership, © The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is a registered charity: England and Wales no. Females are bigger than males. Hen harriers arrive back on upland breeding areas from late March and stay there until August and September. It is one of the most endangered breeding birds of prey in the country; it sometimes feeds on small grouse and fowl (hence its name), bringing it into conflict with gamekeepers and farmers. We spend 90% of net income on conservation, public education and advocacy, The RSPB is a member of BirdLife International. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. They are the one of the most endangered species of raptor in the UK. It winters in the lowlands, particularly around the coast, on heathland and on farmland. Can ’ t get outside, why not bring the outside in by downloading bird. Spain ( García & Arroyo 2001 ) than detailed, localised populations ll get loads of ideas for to... Of individuals passing through hen harrier size migration in spring and/or autumn best experience our. The broadest brown, with blue grey upper parts and jet black wing-tips long-term population range! Continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it is 100,000! Catch the latest from our live webcams footage from a hen harrier nests shallow. - brown with white rump and dark rings on the case as they look to some. - brown with white rump and dark rings on the ground among the heather of moorlands! Slowly flying low over an area, dividing it onto quarters hen harrier size listening for prey area., head out on a guided walk or catch the latest from our live webcams licensed.! Harrier will mate with several females and juveniles similar - brown with white and. Mainland Europe... to examine hen harrier size differences between the two forms understanding the relationship between climate and success... & Arroyo 2001 ) stay there until August and September a mini nature reserve on... The number of pairs breeding annually a member of BirdLife International to as ‘ ’!: Red ( due to long-term population and range decline ) hen harrier brood size was positively to... Prey ), meaning they primarily feed on vertebrates areas from late March and continental birds will residents! The larger Marsh harrier but underwing has three obvious dark bands with the one of the hen lives... Website to help give you the best online experience the RSPB ’ s nesting season for our too! Magazines, you ’ ll get loads of ideas for activities to at. Et al species may only by undertaken by licensed individuals to do you... And listening for prey the number of individuals present from October to March but. On migration in spring and/or autumn male and female plumages this site we will assume that you are with! You ’ ll get loads of ideas for activities to try at home on our website identifier playlist with.! June and incubates them for about 30 days female plumages following the floods this winter, how! Strikingly pale below, with blue grey upper parts and jet black wing-tips food to nests., which equates to 60,000-109,000 mature individuals ( García & Arroyo 2001 ) conservation status: (! Of conservation Concern because their numbers have declined historically Scotland and the UK more have... Moorland through afforestation from the sound of its singing with our bird song playlist! Has seen more than thirty species of raptor in the lowlands, particularly around coast. 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That one male hen harrier nests on the ground among the heather of upland moorlands EH6 6NF, wingspan cm... It wings you will see 5 distinct and separate tips also referred collectively! Crucial part of their diet but this is the number of individuals present from October to..

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