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Wir kommen gegen 2 Uhr an (We’ll arrive shortly before / around 2). Notice a general preference for strong declensions over weak ones. A few prepositions — auf, über, gegen and bis — can also be used in the accusative to talk about time [Note: there are other adverbial phrases of time that are in the dative case]. The strong declension is an -s. It’s going to follow our rule and add an ‘e’ in front of it for any determiner other than the definite article (‘the’): jedes, welches, keines.But the definite article will add an ‘a’ instead: das. 'A car' is the direct object as it was 'seen'. ), Ohne mich kommst du gar nicht weiter! Der Baum (the tree) is technically in the nominative case because we learn all German nouns with their nominative (subject) case versions of ‘the’ (der [masc. Wir kaufen das Haus (We are buying the house). You probably have a few questions at the moment regarding the German accusative case, such as: 1. © 2020 German with Laura  |  All Rights Reserved  |  Privacy, 1711 Kings Way Onawa, IA 51040 |  (603) 303-8842  |  hallo@germanwithlaura.com. + red (adj.) Objective case? — Yes, ‘children’ are ‘it’s in German! (At the end of July I had to bring my husband to the hospital, though!). Articles and adjective endings also mark the accusative case. Lots of examples and tips on counting in German. Alright. The vivid visualization (or, you can even role play & act out scenarios) is a powerful tool for helping you remember the German phrases. Wir haben ein Auto gesehen. So, the money in this example is in the accusative case — the ‘direct object slot’ in our sentence that we fill up after we’ve filled up the ‘subject slot’ (nominative). small words which replace nouns and establish possession). Some verbs (intransitive) don’t need objects at all. Wir wohnten drei Jahre in New York (We lived in NYC for three years). Fortunately, there are some pretty straightforward rules to what the accusative case is and how and when to use it. I saw him with her behind them. Ende Juli musste ich aber meinen Mann ins Krankenhaus bringen! the gender and number of that noun and the case it is in. Imagine yourself in different scenarios in which you’d use the various greetings and wishes. We actually have two types of declensions: strong & weak. You might find it really helpful to think of sentences as having ‘slots’ that we either have to (or optionally may) fill in: If that resonates with you, then think of it like this: in any sentence, we have to fill up the ‘subject slot’ (nominative) first. (I’ve left them out of the chart in part to make it look less overwhelming.) I encourage you to click here and see how this resource can be of benefit to you. The final oddball spot on the accusative declensions chart is in the neuter. We’ve seen even how certain prepositions are always paired with the accusative — if we see one of those prepositions, we can know that an object in the accusative case is coming! Mitte Juni wurde ich endlich entlassen (I was finally released mid-June). However, it is still very commonly used declension pattern! Answer: By asking 'what' or 'whom' of the verb. Look at our example with the tall tree again: Our direct object here is den großen Baum. Wir bleiben viele Monate in Berlin (We are staying in Berlin for several months). The four German cases are nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive. (It [will] cost me all my money). Mann) into the accusative ‘slot’, you need to know the right ‘grammar flags’ (declensions) to use. For your reference, here is the graphic for our basic patterns again. We’re going to hash this out. That said, I know you can do it! In English, what is the subject and what is an object (direct or indirect) is signaled by the order of the words. Take a quick look at this overview of the 4 cases, the roles they signify, and what those roles do in a sentence (i.e. The den is technically the  ‘strong’ declension and the 3 adjectives all have the   ‘weak’ declension. *Note: The German preposition bis is technically an accusative preposition, but it is almost always used with a second preposition (bis zu, bis auf) in a different case, or without an article (bis April, bis Montag, bis Bonn). After all that memorization, practice your new knowledge by writing simple sentences! Also easy, right? Auf should NOT be translated as ‘for’, but it is the correct preposition in this idiomatic situation). 'What' is she buying? In colloquial speech, jemand is usually the same in both the nominative and the accusative, but jemanden is possible. Wir sehen uns kommenden Donnerstag (We’ll see each other this coming Thursday). Thankfully, only the declensions for masculine nouns are any different from the nominative case, so that’s a breeze! These are still complete sentences. (She’s teaching me my first foreign language). And we are going to apply the -e declension a little differently dependent on if we’re using the definite article (‘the’) or any other determiner. And that’s pretty simple. To determine whether something is nominative or accusative, ask yourself if the noun in question is a doer. ], die [fem. Determiners are little words (a, the, some, many, all, every, etc.) Let’s look at some examples to bring this all home! NERD ALERT: I’m intentionally leaving out accusative adjectives used only in formal registers (e.g. Remember, right now we’re looking at an example of pattern #3: Now you know the strong & weak declensions for direct object nouns (therefore in the accusative case). (I’m finally rid of him!). (It snowed daily all winter long!). The 5 German prepositions that always require that the noun in the phrase be in the accusative case are durch, für, gegen, ohne, um. The next slot is then the verb — what the subject is doing. Note that übers is a contraction of über + das (neuter accusative). Feminine & plural’s strong declension -e gets added onto to determiners such as jed- (every), welch- (which), kein- (not any) as is, to look like this: jede, welche, keine. We have a determiner (den) and an adjective (großen). Genitive aside, English has two cases. This concept of prepositional phrases is important because, when we see an accusative preposition, it means that the whole following prepositional phrase needs to be put into the accusative case. Furthermore, declensions change based on: Yikes! The nominative case is used for sentence subjects. Her receives the direct object (the money), making her the indirect object. The ‘root’ form of the adjective is groß. Making sense? Nominative. Learn more about how this resource can be of value to you by clicking here. In German, though, the role of every noun in a given sentence is ‘flagged’ by little grammar changes (called declensions) to the words that come in front of the noun. The accusative case in German is important. In this article you’ll learn the following: Wouldn’t it be nice if you could learn a new language and not have to do so much work with grammar? The reflexive pronoun "sich" can indicate either the accusative or dative form of er, sie (= she), es, Sie, or sie (= they). These points account for the nuances in the English translations where you see the German versions unchanged. We don’t have an English equivalent for distinction that German makes, so it’s a topic that deserves extra attention. . You can see that sometimes the accusative preposition is followed directly by the noun. + chair (noun). Now our masculine ‘the’ (der) is in the accusative case instead of the nominative. Er isst die Weintrauben (He is eating the grapes). Do you see it listed under   in the declensions chart? Promise. There is NO declensional form change for a neuter noun in this case. Ich besuche das Kind / es (I visit the child / it). That’s right: the determiner and/or adjective(s). The direct object is the person or thing that receives the action. These verbs are called transitive verbs because there is transitioning from the subject through the verb to the object. You will know from your nominative case lesson that the subject of a sentence is always in the nominative case. IF a noun is preceded by a preposition, you need to know whether it’s an accusative, dative, or two-way preposition. German Accusative Prepositions. Both "bird" ( der Vogel) and "dog" ( der Hund) are masculine nouns, and we can see in that sentence that der Hund has changed to den Hund. But in German, the distinction is always made. Again, in English, who is doing what to whom is indicated simply by the word order. I sit on a chair, I coughed all night, etc. Ich (nom) + bitte + dich (acc) + darum (acc). For more on this topic, keep reading! 'The' changes from 'der' to 'den' for a masculine noun in this case. Possessive pronoun endings(i.e. However, there are verbs that require an object — they can’t ‘stand alone’. So Accusative is like the objective case? big, flat, rough, new, green, etc.). You can learn the most important things (and forget the rest) and it doesn’t even have to be so bad. Found a ball ' is the subject is doing Mitte Juni wurde endlich. S because it ’ s learn what the accusative case is like the versions... Nicht um den Tisch herum m taking off around noon ) can that..., dative, or two-way speaking German fluently I 've partnered with the help of the sentence as they the. The money ) lived a curious student who wished to learn my all-in-one declensions chart is in the ‘. And –en in the sentence, “ the girl ” is the subject through the —. 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